ḤABSHUSH, SHALOM BEN YAḤYA (c. 1825–1905), head of a yeshivah in Sanʾa, Yemen, dayyan, and author. A goldsmith by profession, he kept aloof from public office and communal affairs, and devoted himself to the study of the Torah. He was the last head of the Sanʾa yeshivah, which closed down in 1905 during a siege and famine. He wrote two works, which were published together (Aden, 1893): Korban Todah, explanations and novellae on the Mekor Ḥayyim of R. Yaḥyā Ṣāliḥ b.Jacob, dealing with the laws of ritual slaughter and terefot; and Shoshannat ha-Melekh, an abridged version of the responsa Pe'ulat Ẓaddik of R. Yaḥyā Sāliḥ. It was written and possibly copied by the author himself in 1862. The abridged responsa are presented in the form of halakhot and verdicts. In the margins he added the Gan Shoshannim, which indicates the source of the halakhah. The part on Oraḥ Ḥayyim and Yoreh De'ah was published together with R. David Mizraḥi's commentary on the Shulḥan Arukh, Shetilei Zeitim (2 vols. 1886–96). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Gridi (ed.), Shoshannat ha-Melekh (1967), introduction. (Yehuda Ratzaby)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • AḤARONIM — (Heb. אַחֲרוֹנִים; lit. the later (authorities), a term used to designate the later rabbinic authorities, in contrast to the rishonim , the earlier authorities. Although scholars differ as to the exact chronological dividing line between the two …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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